The food security situation across Somalia remains alarming and the main contributing factors to high food insecurity are the poor rainfall and drought conditions, trade disruption, new and protracted displacement and chronic poverty. 1.6% only of Somali’s total farmland is cultivated and the rest is remained unutilized. The main problem for the agricultural development is the high cost of applying new modern techniques and technologies in local conditions. Somalis had traditionally engaged in rain-fed, dry-land farming completed by irrigation from Jubba and Shabelle river of collected rainwater. Combination of traditional farming method and advanced method from both agricultural systems is the most sustainable solution to increase the production and food security of poor farming households.
In 2014, Hamdi Organization for Relief and Development with support from Diaspora and fromn own funds implemented a solution based on the combination of traditional methods with advanced ones to support 60 rain-fed farmers in both lower and middle Shabelles, in particular Bananey village and Cadayley village from Jawhar and Afgoye districts respectively. The communities and local authorities were mobilized and informed about the project objectives, activities, selection criteria and entitlement.
Needs assessment of the target area have been carried out by livelihood team together with community representatives and local administration to identify the most vulnerable farming households. 30 farming households were selected from each village based on the pre-designed criteria, validated and vetted by the community elders. The 60 farms were registered and provided with agriculture input, including seeds, land preparation facilities, farming tools, storage facilities, fertilizers and were equipped with the farming techniques.
The overall result of the the post monitoring distribution survey indicates that the project improved of the food security of the target community, showing the following results:
1) 94% respondents were satisfied the distributed farming tools, input and the farming techniques training provided by HAMDI Organization and production level of their farm as they received more than expected;
2) 94% of the training was relevant and added value to their farming knowledge like; distance between planting, farming methodology, harvesting and fertilizer usage methods.
3) The yield received was satisfactory: planting of 16 kg of maize produced 400kg of maize; 4kg of beans produced 200kg of beans and 4kg of cowpea produced 150kg;
4) 94% of the respondents confirmed that the farming input distributed improved their food security and it enabled to get beyond their consumption cereals;
5) The PDM results indicated that 92% of the respondents increased their income and able to save income from their production.
Partners: Danish Refugee Council, local administrations of Bananey village and Cadayley village
Budget: USD 50,000.00. Targeting 100 households through aforementioned agriculture support costs only $500 per farming household as every family allocated a one hectare through traditional farmland of rain-fed.
Hamdi Organization for Relief and Development
Contact person: Zaima Abdullahi
Phone: +252 615 372 878